Turning a Coin to Silver and Gold (Simple Redox Reaction)

Turning a Coin to Silver and Gold (Simple Redox Reaction) This simple experiment will make you understand the redox reaction. This is one of my favorite experiments so I decided to make a post about it. Things you'll need: a copper coin (a penny, basically), zinc powder, sodium hydroxide (more than 50%), alcohol lamp, forceps, …

Do Water Vapors Effect the Mass of Copper (II) Sulfate?

Do Water Vapors Effect the Mass of Copper (II) Sulfate? The pentahydrate form, which is blue, is heated, turning the copper sulfate into the anhydrous form which is white, while the water that was present in the pentahydrate form evaporates. I wanted to know if water vapors affect the mass of copper sulfate. Things you'll need: crucible, balance, Copper …

Does Mercury Conduct Electricity?

Does Mercury Conduct Electricity? I bought this from my science shop yesterday so that I could perform more experiments. Why is it a liquid? The reason for mercury being a liquid is complex. It is heavy; a chunk of iron can float on mercury. Compared to other metals, it does not conduct heat well. However, it conducts electricity fairly well. Mercury is the only metal that …

What is Silica Gel?

What is Silica Gel? Silica gel is a granular, vitreous, porous form of silicon dioxide made synthetically from sodium silicate. Silica gel contains a nano-porous silica micro-structure, suspended inside a liquid. Most applications of silica gel require it to be dried, in which case it is called silica xerogel. For practical purposes, silica gel is often interchangeable with silica xerogel. Silica xerogel is …

What Happened to the Sulfur Coin? (Sulfur science and can the coin melt again?)

What Happened to the Sulfur Coin? (Sulfur science and can the coin melt again?) The coin: Now, what happened to that coin? It was 10 days since I made it, and I wanted to show you what happened. Here's the coin: The coin has turned white and it came apart into a couple pieces... I …

Melting #2: Copper (II) Sulfate (Didn’t Work)

Melting #2: Copper (II) Sulfate (Didn't Work) The last time we melted sulfur, and it was really fun (except for cleaning the test tube). Now let's melt something else, what about Copper Sulfate? Copper (II) sulfate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4. Older names for this compound include blue vitriol, bluestone, vitriol of copper, and Roman vitriol. The pentahydrate (CuSO4·5H2O), the most commonly …

Melting #1: Sulfur (Making a Sulfur Coin)

Melting #1: Sulfur (Making a Sulfur Coin) I'm going to be melting sulfur... Sulfur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16. It is abundant, multivalent, and nonmetallic. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S8. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature. Sulfur Melting Point: 115 °C ( 239.38 °F) Yay! the sulfur is melting! …

Golden Rain

 Golden Rain The silver tree was beautiful, now let's perform a golden experiment.  This experiment kind of failed and pass. What I mean is that the experiment failed, and it was a success, you know what I mean. So don't trust my steps, but be sure to follow the video at the end of this post. …

Elephant’s Toothpaste

Elephant's toothpaste Today I'm going to do this common experiment that is used in chemistry classes called the elephant's toothpaste. Elephant's toothpaste is a foamy substance caused by the rapid decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. This is often used for classroom demonstrations because it requires only a small number of ingredients and makes a "volcano of foam". Things you'll need: …

The Sediment of Lead (II) Nitrate

The Sediment of Lead (II) Nitrate Today, I'm going to do a common experiment about the sediment of Lead (II) Nitrate. This is a very quick demonstration showing that two solids can react together. White lead nitrate and white potassium iodide react to make yellow lead iodide. I added 5 grams of each chemical into 95ml  of water so I could have 5 % of …

Density Column

Density Column Let's start off with an easy experiment today. Create a colorful column with three liquids stacked on top of each other inside a test tube. Things you'll need: test tubes, pipet, food coloring, light or dark corn syrup, vegetable oil, and water. Pour about 3 ml of corn syrup into the test tube. …

Cold Chemistry

Cold Chemistry Endothermic chemical reaction use up heat energy, which means the end result is cool to the touch. Use Alka-Seltzer to see this reaction for yourself! Things you'll need: A beaker, a thermometer, an Alka-Seltzer tablet, ice, and water. Fill the beaker with ice. Add enough water to cover the ice fully. Put the thermometer …

Invisible ink

Invisible ink We know that phenolphthalein will turn pink if you drip 2-3 drops into a chemical that is base. That gave me an idea of how to make invisible ink. Things you'll need: phenolphthalein solution, white paper, Q-tip, and ammonia-based glass cleaner (like Windex) Put a few drops of phenolphthalein onto a Q-tip. Use the …

What is Xylitol

What is Xylitol Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener. It has the formula CH2OH(CHOH)3CH2OH. Xylitol is categorized as polyalcohol or sugar alcohol, and it has some dental benefits in that it reduces cavities. One gram of xylitol contains 2.43 kilocalories (kcal), as compared to one gram of sugar, which has 3.87 kcal. …

Swirling Colors

Swirling Colors Can you make colors move in milk? Then perform this experiment. Things you'll need: whole milk, a shallow dish, food coloring, and liquid dish soap. 1. Pour whole milk into the shallow dish.2. Let the milk warm up to room temperature. 3. Place drops of different food coloring in the milk. DO NOT STIR. …