How to Calculate Molar Mass
Moles are a unit of measurement of chemicals. A mole is the atomic weight of a molecule of the chemical in grams and it is used very commonly in chemistry, so I’m going to show you how to calculate molar mass.
You can find the molar mass right on the periodic table. On the table, there is the element symbol, the atomic number, and the molar mass.
Here I’ve got some elements:
Nitrogen’s molar mass is 14.0067 g/mol, for oxygen, it’s 15.9994 g/mol, and for silver, it’s 107.8682 g/mol.
The first method of finding the molar mass is to look right on the table (just like I did).
The second method is to add up the masses of each atom (.Add up the masses of the atoms that form the compound) I’ll show how with the chemical silver nitrate.
One Silver molecule: 107.8682 + one Nitrogen molecule 14.0067 + and three molecules of Oxygen: (15.9994 x 3)
107.8682 + 14.0067 + (15.9994 x 3) = 169.8731
AgNO3 = 169.87 g/mol
Let’s try another one:
One Sodium molecule: 22.989769 + One Oxygen: 15.9994 + and one Hydrogen: 1.00794
22.989769 + 15.9994 + 1.00794 = 39.997 g/mol
NaOH = 39.997 g/mol
Two Hydrogens: (2 x 1.00794) + One Sulfur: 32.07 + Four Oxygens: (4 x 16.00)
(2 x 1.00794) + 32.07 + (4 x 15.9994) = 98.079 g/mol
H2SO4 = 98.079 g/mol
I hope you understand, leave a comment if you have any questions or if there are any mistakes ↓
9 Replies to “How to Calculate Molar Mass”
You’re welcome and it’s a true statement!
Thank you for that cheerful comment 🙂
I bet! You are definitely ready!
Ah – we used 36.5 for HCl – so not too inaccurate 🙂
And you’re welcome for the visit 🙂
I’m starting to go to advanced chemistry…
Thank you. If I round off the numbers to much, it’ll not be quite as accurate. For example: HCI is 36.46 g/mol, if I round off the numbers it might be 37 or 38. Anyways, thank you for coming to my post 🙂
Way over my head…lol
Nicely done. 🙂
I like how you are very specific as to the exact weight. When I was at school, we just used 16 for Oxygen etc It made it a lot easier 🙂