Do Water Vapors Effect the Mass of Copper (II) Sulfate?

Do Water Vapors Effect the Mass of Copper (II) Sulfate? The pentahydrate form, which is blue, is heated, turning the copper sulfate into the anhydrous form which is white, while the water that was present in the pentahydrate form evaporates. I wanted to know if water vapors affect the mass of copper sulfate. Things you’ll need: crucible, balance, Copper (II) Sulphate, spoon, alcohol lamp, […]

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Copper Plating: Part #1

Copper Plating: Part #1 I’ve never used a copper stick in one of my experiments, I found out that I’m good at plating, which is what we’re going to be doing in this post. You probably wondering why my copper is a green, it’s because of chemical reactions with the elements. Just as iron that is left unprotected in the […]

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What is Silica Gel?

What is Silica Gel? Silica gel is a granular, vitreous, porous form of silicon dioxide made synthetically from sodium silicate. Silica gel contains a nano-porous silica micro-structure, suspended inside a liquid. Most applications of silica gel require it to be dried, in which case it is called silica xerogel. For practical purposes, silica gel is often interchangeable with silica xerogel. Silica xerogel is tough and hard; it is […]

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Melting #2: Copper (II) Sulfate (Didn’t Work)

Melting #2: Copper (II) Sulfate (Didn’t Work) The last time we melted sulfur, and it was really fun (except for cleaning the test tube). Now let’s melt something else, what about Copper Sulfate? Copper (II) sulfate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4. Older names for this compound include blue vitriol, bluestone, vitriol of copper, and Roman vitriol. The pentahydrate (CuSO4·5H2O), the most commonly encountered salt, is bright blue. Melting Point: 110 °C (230 °F) Sulfur’s melting point is 5 °C higher (which means they’ll melt about the same time). It looks impossible to melt it because the sulfur is more (soft) like a powder, but this one is tiny crystals. Let’s give it a try anyway. Light the lamp! OK, it’s heating it up nicely. A couple minutes later: The copper sulfate is turning whiter, but still, all of it still remains solid. But look. There’s water vapor in there. That’s weird, maybe there’s too much heat? But the sulfate didn’t melt yet. 10 minutes later: The sulfur melted already at this time. But the sulfate still remains a solid and it’s just turning whiter. 20 minutes later: This is taking forever! It’s not melting. Did I do something wrong? It’s 115 °C already, and the temperature can go further. I guess it won’t melt anymore so I turned off the heat. Wow! this experiment is a fail. I wonder why it has water vapors? Why is it turning white? When is it actually going to turn to liquid? Any ideas why it didn’t […]

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I Figured out why the Coins look Different

I Figured out why the Coins look Different Remember the coin experiment that I performed lately? When I washed the coins, they looked different. But why? I finally figured out the answer. Copper metal is oxidized by the Ag1+ to Cu2+ and the Ag1+ ions are reduced by the copper metal to silver metal. But do you remember what the coins are made of? Penny: The alloy remained 95 percent copper and 5 percent zinc until 1982, when the composition was changed to 97.5 percent zinc and 2.5 percent copper (copper-plated zinc) until now. Cents of both compositions appeared in that year. 50 Satang (Thai baht): The core is 99% iron and cladding is 99% Copper. 10 Yen (Japanese Yen): 95% copper, 3–4% zinc, and 1–2% tin. The Penny turned yellow-orange because the zinc was mixed with copper. The Thai coin turned darker because of the iron. The Japanese coin turned yellow because of the zinc and tin. Tin is light yellow and zinc is gray. I hope you enjoyed that experiment, if you did, comment down below ↓ Sources: www.chem.indiana.edu/faculty…/5-5%20Silver%20Tree%20Redox%20Reaction.doc More sources at: The Silver Coin    

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Is this Iron or Magnetite?

Is this Iron or Magnetite? Today I wanted to identify this brown dust. I found the dust by me. I accidentally dropped a magnet on the ground and the dust sticks to the magnet. So I collected it to perform some experiments with it. So in this post, I’m going to identify this dust. Let’s perform some tests. This dust could […]

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The Silver Coin

The Silver Coin What about this experiment? Remember the silver tree? That was a great experiment. Go over there and check it out (here: https://danupondrake.com/2017/06/25/the-silver-tree/). The silver nitrate will stick to the copper coil and make crystals. But instead of copper coils, why don’t we try copper coins? It will be fun to try! Let’s get started then! Let’s some […]

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Burglar Door Alarm

Burglar Door Alarm The last time I did an alarm that’s under a mat and it received a lot of likes. The link for that is here: How to Make a Burglar Alarm Mat. So today I have another alarm to make, and it involves a door. Make sure to follow the pictures and have fun. Things you’ll need: String, a bottle […]

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The Sediment of Lead (II) Nitrate

The Sediment of Lead (II) Nitrate Today, I’m going to do a common experiment about the sediment of Lead (II) Nitrate. This is a very quick demonstration showing that two solids can react together. White lead nitrate and white potassium iodide react to make yellow lead iodide. I added 5 grams of each chemical into 95ml  of water so I could have 5 % of each. I pour 10ml of […]

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Why can’t Chickens Fly?

Why can’t Chickens Fly? Most chicken breeds are still able to fly short distances. For example, flying up into a tree (that’s where they would naturally roost), or to escape a predator. They certainly are not good at flying, though. There are two reasons for that. 1. Ancestry Chickens were bred from a wild species call the red jungle fowl. These jungle fowl are a little more adept at flying than chickens are now, but they are fundamentally more adapted for a ground-based life All of their food is located on the ground, and they have an adapted beak to match. Their feet are adapted for walking, rather than perching. Its wings have become partially vestigial since the survival of an individual no longer relies heavily on flight; instead, natural selection has advanced those ground-oriented traits. So, to recap, chickens are bad at flying because their direct ancestor was bad at flying, because they’re adapted for spending time on the ground. 2. Selective Breeding by Humans Chickens are not a natural species; they were created by breeding the red jungle fowl into a new organism. Since humans were responsible for the gene selection process (“artificial selection”, as opposed to natural selection), chickens were bred not for survivability traits, but to have great big tasty breast muscles. Chickens’ ability to fly has only worsened under human management because no breeder has prioritized that, opting instead for edibility and commercial traits.

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Changing Iron to Copper

Changing Iron to Copper In this post, I’m going to show you how to change iron to copper in two easy steps.   Things you’ll need: copper (II) sulfate, a cup, a spoon, water, and nails or paper clips. Pour water into the cup. Put lots of copper sulfate into the cup. I put two spoons. Drop a paper clip […]

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Leaf Fish

Leaf Fish Do you know what camouflage is? Camouflage is the use of any combination of materials, coloration, or illumination for concealment, either by making animals or objects hard to see (crypsis), or by disguising them as something else (mimesis). Examples include the leopard’s spotted coat, the battledress of a modern soldier, and the leaf-mimic katydid‘s wings. A third approach, motion dazzle, confuses the observer with a conspicuous pattern, making the object visible but momentarily harder to locate. The majority of camouflage methods aim for crypsis, often through a general resemblance to the background, high contrast disruptive coloration, eliminating shadow, and countershading. In the open ocean, where there is no background, the principal methods of camouflage are transparency, silvering, and countershading, while the ability to produce light is among other things used for counter-illumination on the undersides of cephalopods such as squid. Some animals, such as chameleons and octopuses, are capable of actively changing their skin pattern and colours, whether for camouflage or for signalling. Some animals camouflage in the ocean like the rockfish or flounders. But in my opinion, this one would be the best. It is called the “leaf fish”. Leaffishes are small freshwater fishes of the Polycentridae family, from South America. All of these fishes are highly specialized ambush predators that resemble leaves, down to the point that their swimming style resembles a drifting leaf (thus the common name leaf fish, which is shared with old world fishes […]

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Eggs are Strong

Eggs are Strong Next time someone’s cooking with eggs around your house, save the eggshells so that you could astound your friends with this incredible stunt. Things you’ll need: 4 raw eggs, a small pair of scissors, masking tape, some books. To crack the eggs and get four empty eggshells, gently break open the small end of each egg by tapping […]

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The Wood-nettle: a Plant that could Sting like a Bee

The Wood-nettle: a Plant that could Sting like a Bee This will be a short post. If you’re interested please continue reading. There are lots of poisonous plants out there. But not as painful as this one: Laportea canadensis, commonly called Canada nettle or wood-nettle, is an annual or perennial herbaceous plant of the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern and central North […]

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Walking Fishes

 Walking Fishes Can fishes walk on land? Sounds crazy! But these two fish can. 1.  Mudskippers are amphibious fish, presently included in the subfamily Oxudercinae, within the family Gobiidae (gobies). Recent molecular studies do not support this classification, as oxudercine gobies appear to be paraphyletic relative to amblyopine gobies (Gobiidae: Amblyopinae), thus being included in a distinct “Periophthalmus lineage”, together with […]

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Density Column

Density Column Let’s start off with an easy experiment today. Create a colorful column with three liquids stacked on top of each other inside a test tube. Things you’ll need: test tubes, pipet, food coloring, light or dark corn syrup, vegetable oil, and water. Pour about 3 ml of corn syrup into the test tube. Use a pipet to add […]

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Ice is Sticky

Ice is Sticky I have an experiment that uses only ice. Things you’ll need: 2 ice cubes. Press the flat sides of two ice cubes together. Slowly count to thirty, then let go one of the ice cubes. What happened? When you pushed the two ice cubes together, you created pressure between the two flat sides. Pressure melted the ice, making […]

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Do Dolphins live in Rivers?

Do Dolphins live in Rivers? We probably heard that dolphins live in the ocean. But do they live in rivers? To find out please continue reading. River dolphins are a widely distributed group of fully aquatic mammals that reside exclusively in freshwater or brackish water. They are an informal grouping of dolphins, which is a paraphyletic group within the infraorder Cetacea. […]

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The Tropical Pitcher Plant

The Tropical Pitcher Plant I’ve found this amazing plant and I’ve grown it in my garden before. But it died because of the humid weather in Thailand. Anyway, I want to show you this amazing plant and what can it do. Nepenthes, also known as tropical pitcher plants or monkey cups, is a genus of carnivorous plants in the monotypic family […]

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Cold Chemistry

Cold Chemistry Endothermic chemical reaction use up heat energy, which means the end result is cool to the touch. Use Alka-Seltzer to see this reaction for yourself! Things you’ll need: A beaker, a thermometer, an Alka-Seltzer tablet, ice, and water. Fill the beaker with ice. Add enough water to cover the ice fully. Put the thermometer in the beaker and read […]

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Are Video Games Bad for You?

Are Video Games Bad for You? Introduction: The last time I did a post about Why Kids Should Study Science. And it has 6 views and four likes but maybe it has more now. Anyway, now my question is: Does video games make your brain think slower? Good question right? And on this post I’ll try to find the answer to this question from internet. So let’s get started. Also, try to read the whole post please if you’re interested. The first video game was created in October 1958, Physicist William Higinbotham created what is thought to be the first video game. It was a very simple tennis game, similar to the classic 1970s video game Pong, and it was quite a hit at a Brookhaven National Laboratory open house. After that, Since the 1980s, video gaming has become a popular form of entertainment and a part of modern popular culture in most parts of the world. One of the early games was Spacewar!, which was developed by computer scientists. Early arcade video games developed from 1972 to 1978. After that, there were more video games created like Minecraft and Terraria. Both of those video games are popular. Now if you ask me do I like video games? Well… of course! All kids like video games including me. Article number 1. Anyway, let’s go back to our question. Some studies suggest that video gaming can improve vision and enhance information processing abilities. But that […]

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Mushroom Spores

Mushroom Spores A mushroom is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source. The standard for the name “mushroom” is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus; hence the word “mushroom” is most often applied to those fungi (Basidiomycota, Agaricomycetes) that have a stem (stipe), a cap (pileus), and gills […]

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Slimes and States of Matter

How to make Slime in Three Steps (and states of matter) I’ll show you how to make slime in the easiest way. It’s going to be messy but it’s worth to try. Things you’ll need: Borax, water, a spoon, school glue, and two cups. Add one teaspoon of borax to 75ml of water into the cup and stir until all […]

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Invisible ink

Invisible ink We know that phenolphthalein will turn pink if you drip 2-3 drops into a chemical that is base. That gave me an idea of how to make invisible ink. Things you’ll need: phenolphthalein solution, white paper, Q-tip, and ammonia-based glass cleaner (like Windex) Put a few drops of phenolphthalein onto a Q-tip. Use the Q-tip as your pen to […]

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The Sleeping Grass

The Sleeping Grass Mimosa pudica (from Latin: pudica “shy, bashful or shrinking”; also called sensitive plant, sleepy plant, Dormilones, sleeping grass, or shy plant) is a creeping annual or perennial herb of the pea family Fabaceae often grown for its curiosity value: the compound leaves fold inward and droop when touched or shaken, defending themselves from harm, and re-open a few […]

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What is Xylitol

What is Xylitol Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener. It has the formula CH2OH(CHOH)3CH2OH. Xylitol is categorized as polyalcohol or sugar alcohol, and it has some dental benefits in that it reduces cavities. One gram of xylitol contains 2.43 kilocalories (kcal), as compared to one gram of sugar, which has 3.87 kcal. Xylitol has virtually no aftertaste. […]

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Swirling Colors

Swirling Colors Can you make colors move in milk? Then perform this experiment. Things you’ll need: whole milk, a shallow dish, food coloring, and liquid dish soap. 1. Pour whole milk into the shallow dish.2. Let the milk warm up to room temperature. 3. Place drops of different food coloring in the milk. DO NOT STIR. 4. Place 1-3 drops of […]

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The Moebius Strip

The Moebius Strip You’ve probably heard the expression, “There are two sides to everything”. But are there? You can find out by making this strip. Things you’ll need: several strips of paper 25cm long and 2cm wide, scissors, a pen, and tape. 1. To make the Moebius strip, you need to half-twist the strip of paper and tape the ends […]

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How to Make a Periscope

In 1854 Hippolyte Marié-Davy invented the first naval periscope, consisting of a vertical tube with two small mirrors fixed at each end at 45°. Simon Lake used periscopes in his submarines in 1902. A periscope works by using two mirrors to bounce light from one place to another. A typical periscope uses two mirrors at 45-degree angles to the direction one […]

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